Sanskrit word "Pichh" means back and "wais" means hanging. Pichwai (pichvai) is a style of painting that originated over 400 years ago, in the town of Nathdwara near Udaipur in Rajasthan, India. They are generally made on cloth and hung behind the idol of Shrinathji, a local form of Krishna and the centre of Pushtimarg worship, to depict his leelas.
Paintings of extraordinary beauty and variety were made for the many Royal Courts of India during a golden age that unfolded in the sixteenth century and lasted well into the British period. The various centers of royal patronage have produced some of the greatest painters of all time. Some of the famous school of Arts which developed during the medieval period are – Pichwai Painting, Pahari Painting, Basholi painting, Mughal Painting etc. These have become quite popular amongst art lovers both at National and International level. Most of the global museums have such Classical Indian paintings in their valuable collection.